Author Philippe Legrain argues that immigration restrictions are economically perverse. Legrain shows that, like trade barriers, immigration controls reduce the welfare of the UK population and by raising the cost of products and services harm the poor most. A selective immigration policy cannot possibly determine the right number or mix of people Britain needs now, let alone how these will evolve in the future.
The paper concludes that the biggest benefit of greater openess is the diversity and dynamism it brings. Britain faces a choice between remaining an open, dynamic and progressive society or becoming a closed, stagnant and reactionary one.
The European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme is the centrepiece of the EU’s efforts to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. Successive British prime ministers and other European leaders have staked much political capital on its success.
Given that a global carbon market is likely to be a critical tool in tackling climate change, the significance of the successes and failings of the ETS go well beyond the borders of the EU.
This briefing note examines the potential to improve the ETS. It reviews its institutional architecture and design, its possible extension to currently exempted sectors of the European economy, and the potential
for integration with other emerging carbon markets.
How to deal with the estimated 500,000 illegal immigrants in the UK is one of the seemingly most intractable and emotive policy challenges facing government.
This pamphlet proposes a detailed strategy and rationale for an 'earned' regularisation programme, which identifies those illegal immigrants who contribute to British society. This would give some illegal immigrants the opportunity to attain permanent residency - producing fiscal gains for the government but also drastically reducing the numbers of illegal immigrants unknown to the security services.
Academies have their critics. But these new independent state schools are now delivering significantly improved results and are on average three times over subscribed.
Featuring a foreword from Schools Minister Andrew Adonis, this collection brings together the leaders of some of the most successful academies to explain how they have made these previously failing schools so popular with parents.
Other contributors detail the history of the academies programme and set out how, with sufficient political support, it could change the face of state education in the years to come.
How best to educate children with learning difficulties is much disputed. Some make the case for teaching them in special schools, other for integrating them in mainstream schools.
This report argues that this so called 'inclusion' debate misses the fundamental point: that it is parents, rather than politicians or officials, who are best placed to decide where their children should go to school. It therefore sets out a strategy to ensure that parental choice, rather than 'expert' opinion, will drive policy in the future.