Drawing on the commercial experience of the author, 'Rehabilitation Works: ensuring Payment by Results' cuts reoffending assesses the practicalities of implementing a PbR regime for reducing reoffending. How should the system be designed so as to avoid the risk of 'parking and creaming' of clients or offenders? And in what way can it be ensured that a diverse provider base is created, where SMEs and third sector organisations are not priced out of the bidding process? In order for a PbR model to be effective, there must be a diverse provider market and a commercial framework ensuring providers can generate a return whilst also offering the government value for money as a result of the policy. This paper recommends a phased introduction of outcome based payment mechanisms and stresses that the scheme will not be effective if offenders are treated as a single generic group.
Over the last two decades the UK has experienced substantial net immigration, sparking a fierce political debate over the perceived economic and social costs and benefits. The outgoing Labour government responded to rising concerns by creating a 'points based migration system' (PBS) for selecting non-EU economic migrants. The system was designed to admit only those perceived as economically beneficial to the UK economy.
This report examines the operation of the PBS to date. It explores the likely impact of successive government reforms - most recently the migration cap introduced by the Coalition government. It concludes by outlining a number of ways in which the government could restore flexibility to the system and ensure it continues to attract the 'best and the brightest'.
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Making ends meet: challenges for the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review for the United Kingdom
In recent years, a worrying gap has emerged between the military ambitions of the UK armed forces, and the financial resources allocated to them. The gap is likely to widen further in the coming years as the coalition government starts to cut public spending to eliminate the government budget deficit.
This is the context for the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review (SDSR), charged with making recommendations about the UK's future role in world affairs and about the financial resources which that role would require. In practice the SDSR must try to reduce the defence budget without incurring an unacceptable increase in the risks to national security.
In 'Making ends meet', Professor David Kirkpatrick explains the many particular problems of defence management, and emphasises that the SDSR's recommendations for UK defence policy, military capabilities and defence expenditure must be completely coherent and consistent (unlike those in the 1998 review). He suggests how the UK defence budget might be reduced by 10 per cent, in addition to savings from internal reforms and reorganisation, without the irreversible loss of any of the UK's present military and industrial capabilities.
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